10 Types Of Strawberry Plants - Urban Agriculture

10 Types Of Strawberry Plants

Strawberries are a much-loved fruit. It can be enjoyed on its own on a hot summer day or it can be used in a large number of sweet treats.  Like most plants, there is a wide variety of strawberry plants that you can grow. All of the different strawberry plant varieties will produce different types of strawberries. In this article, we will go through 10 types of strawberry plants that you can grow.

Strawberry Plant Classifications

There are hundreds of different strawberry plants to choose from. Yet these plants can be broken down into when do you want to harvest them. There are three different time frames to choose from when it comes to choosing what type of strawberry plant that you want. 

June-bearing: June bearing strawberry plants will have one very large crop of strawberries every year. Normally, you will be able to harvest your extra-large crop of strawberries sometime in June. However, this is a general rule, depending on the climate that you live in, you could be able to harvest earlier or later than June. Yet you will notice that there is one large harvest. 

Day-neutral: Day-neutral strawberry plants will have three periods of fruiting that you can harvest from. These periods are usually early June, mid-July and late August. This then provides you with a spaced outcrop of strawberries that you can be continually harvesting. 

Ever-bearing: Ever-bearing strawberry plants will start producing fruit once there are 12 hours of sunlight a day. They will then continue to produce fruit until the end of the summer and until the first frost comes. You may be harvesting for much longer, but the size of your crop won’t be huge and how you harvest may begin to decrease as the summer comes to an end. 

Now that you know the difference between the different classifications of strawberry plants. It is all to do with when they will provide you with fruit that you can harvest. Now we have put together 10 strawberry plants that you can plant in your own garden.

All are different, and each fits into one of the classifications that we have just spoken about above.

All Star

All star is what you’d expect the ideal strawberry to look like. All star strawberry plants produce glossy red and firm large strawberries. These strawberries have a much milder taste but are still sweet. The all star plant is seen as a mid-season June-bearing plant. This type of strawberry plant can be planted in sandy and clay soils. It is also resistant to strawberry plant diseases of the red stele and verticillium wilt.  

These strawberry plants will thrive in warmer climates and will reach heights of 10 inches and spread around 18 inches. These strawberry plants are very strong and have a lot of energy. They produce strawberries that are ideal for eating fresh or for freezing. 

Alpine 

Alpine strawberry plants are typically wild strawberry plants that can be found in Northern and Southern America. However, you can grow this plant at home. The fruit that these plants produce is very small, about the size of a fingernail. Like the fruits, the plants themselves are also quite small, compared to the other plants on this list. Alpine strawberry plants will produce fruit throughout the growing season, from June to October. 

There are many different varieties of Alpine strawberry plants. There is a variety that produces yellow-coloured strawberries. The fruit procured is sweet, with some saying that there is a slight pineapple taste to some varieties. This wild strawberry plant can be grown pretty much anywhere.

It may look like a delicate plant, but it is a lot tougher than it looks. It can withstand little sunlight up to long periods of sunlight. Alpine strawberry plants have shallow roots, which can be easily damaged, thus it is suggested to mulch something around them to protect them.

Charlotte

With Charlotte strawberry plants, you will be able to have multiple harvests of strawberries this plant produces. Harvesting can last from June to the first frost during fall. This is a French type of strawberry plant that has been crossed with Mara des Bois and Cal 19. This plant thrives when in full sunlight, with a warmer climate. 

This plant produces medium-sized strawberries. They have a woody flavor, which is super sweet. Most strawberry plants produce white flowers, while the Charlotte strawberry plant produces magenta-pink flowers that pollinators love. This is a hardy type of strawberry plant that is resistant to mites, mildew and withstand colder temperatures.

Earliglow

Earliglow strawberry plants produce fruit sooner than any other type of strawberry plant. This is a June-bearing strawberry plant. Which produces medium to large-sized strawberries, however, the quantity produced will decrease as the season continues. The color of these strawberries is a deep red. Earliglow strawberries have a firm texture yet have a sweet flavor. 

Earliglow strawberry plants grow up to 12 inches high and can spread up to 24 to 36 inches. This is the ideal strawberry plant to choose for beginners. It is also resistant to many of the common strawberry diseases, such as red stele, verticillium wilt and root rot. 

Honeoye

Honeoye strawberry plants are one of the most popular types of strawberry plants that you will find. This is an early midseason June bearing plant, which produces a consistent high quantity of medium-sized strawberries. Honeoye strawberries are known for keeping their vibrant and deep red color, while also having quite a firm texture. 

To grow honeoye strawberry plants, you should plant them where they can receive lots of sunlight. This type of strawberry plant is very adaptable, but it is more suited for light soil. The maximum height this plant can grow up to is 8 to 10 inches tall but can spread up to 12 inches wide. 

Jewel

Jewel was first released in 1985, and it is a cross between Senga Sengana and NYE58 and Holiday. The appearance of these strawberries is quite large and wide. Yet they are a very popular type of strawberry and can be harvested for much longer. The strawberries have a firm texture and are skin abrasion-resistant. They are also juicy and red in color inside and out. 

A jewel strawberry plant will grow up to 12 inches tall and spread around 24 to 36 inches. They produce white/pink flowers and can deal with some wintery conditions. Although, this plant is known for being more likely to contract red stele, leaf spot, black root rot and powdery mildew. A jewel strawberry plant does require a little bit more care and maintenance. However, the strawberries that it produces are a favorite among many gardeners.  

Ozark Beauty

This strawberry plant was first released in 1955 and developed by J.B Winnin Arkansas. This plant is a cross between the Red Rich and Twentieth Century strawberry plants. The first initial harvest of strawberries will be quite large. Which then results in smaller harvests during the growing season. This plant can reach up to 6 to 8 inches high and can spread between 12 to 24 inches. 

This type of strawberry plant is very adaptable. There have been reports of this strawberry plant surviving minus temperatures, but it is more suited for northern climates. The strawberries Ozark Beauty produces are extra-large, sweet and juicy.

All the strawberries have a very uniform shape and can grow up to 4 inches. This plant is resistant to leaf scorch and spot. However, it is commonly known to contract red stele, anthracnose and verticillium wilt. 

Sparkle

Sparkle strawberry plants produce strawberries that are perfect for making jam with. This is a type of June-bearing plant that produces one crop in June. This strawberry plant has been around for over 60 years. It is a very sturdy plant that produces a lot of runners so that it can keep producing new plants. 

Sparkle plants will produce medium-sized strawberries. These strawberries are full of flavor, sweet and have a bright red color. In colder climates, you will need to protect the plants from frost, but overall these plants don’t require too much maintenance. The only thing you need to keep an eye out for is the runners, otherwise, your strawberry bed will overflow with runners.

Sweet Charlie

Sweet Charlie is a popular strawberry plant for gardeners in the south of the states. This plant will produce a large number of strawberries during June. These plants produce medium-sized fruits that can have an orange-red color on the outside, With orange and white streaked on the inside. They have a very distinct sweet taste, due to the very high sugar to acid ratio. 

Sweet Charlie plants can grow up to 12 inches in height and spread up to 12 to 20 inches. It is easy to grow and enjoys lots of sunlight. This plant is resistant to a wide range of diseases like fruit rot, crown rot, mites and powdery mildew. Yet this plant is known for developing leaf blight. 

White Pineberry

White strawberries are actually a real thing. White pineberries have had a lot of interest in recent years and are becoming more popular with gardeners today. This plant was developed by Dutch breeder Hans de Jongh and was released in 2009. White Pineberries are known for their white flesh and skin and red seeds. This strawberry has a pleasant aroma and tastes like pineapple. 

These plants can be harvested in their second year after initial planting. This plant will produce lots of runners, for you to plant and have a larger quantity to harvest. White pineberry plants can reach a height of 10 inches, with full sunlight. These plants are also known to be deer resistant and can survive winter temperatures. You treat these plants like any other strawberry plant, but you can harvest a little earlier than June.

Summary

There are hundreds of different strawberry plants out there that you can grow. In this article, we have given you 10 types of strawberry plants that you can grow. We have given you wild strawberry plants and strawberry plants that produce fruit at different times of the year.

All of these plants are popular for their own reasons. Yet they are grown by gardeners all over the country.

Caroline Roberts
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