Jasmine plants are known for their sweet and strong fragrance. The flowers these plants produce are described as having a star shaped appearance.
There are around 200 different species of the jasmine plant. Every species of jasmine has beautiful flowers that look great in any garden. Although not all of them have the pleasant aroma that you associate with jasmine plants.
Most jasmine plants are native to more tropical climates, however growing jasmine plants can be achieved in your garden too if you have a warm climate.
In this article, we will be discussing the 10 types of jasmine plants that you can grow in your own gardens.
Asian Star Jasmine (Trachelospermum Asiaticum)
The asian star jasmine plant can be grown as a shrub or as a vine. It is commonly seen covered in 2 inches long dark green leaves. The foliage can turn into a red-bronze color during any colder weather.
In the summer, this plant produces clusters of cream colored flowers that have a very sweet fragrance. As the flowers mature, they become more yellow in appearance.
The asian star jasmine plant prefers well draining soil and full sunlight. It is usually grown as ground cover, but it can climb walls and fences.
Or it is perfect for containers or hanging baskets. Alongside this, the asian star jasmine plant is disease resistant and drought tolerant, thus making it ideal for beginner gardeners.
Cape Jasmine (Gardenia Jasminoides)
Cape jasmine is a large evergreen shrub that has thick dark green leaves, with very fragrant white flowers. The flowers on this plant will bloom during the early summer and should last all year round.
It isn’t a true jasmine, but it is referred to as a jasmine plant, due to the strong and pleasant scent it produces.
This plant requires partial to full sunlight. For the best results, this plant should be planted in acidic, well drained and constantly moist soil. It can grow up to 3 to 6 feet in height.
This plant grows best with morning sun and afternoon shade. The cape jasmine plant is perfect for containers, hedges or as cut flowers.
Common Jasmine (Jasminum Officinale)
Common jasmine is a type of vining shrub, which is very fragrant. It is believed to be one of the most fragrant types of jasmine plants.
You will notice that this plant produces clusters of three to five flowers during the summer to fall.
Common jasmine is ideal for growing up archways and entryways, as it can grow up to 10 to 15 feet in height.
This type of jasmine prefers full sun conditions to partial sun conditions. It also likes moist soil, but common jasmine can withstand drought and pollution.
This is a fast growing plant that is easy to control, due to frequent pruning to keep the plant in control.
Italian Jasmine (Jasminum Humile)
Italian jasmine plants can be grown as a shrub or a vine. This plant can form a dense shape that can be up to 10 feet wide. However, you can prune this plant into the size that you require for your garden.
The stems are quite thin on this plant, and it produces yellow flowers. These flowers have a much more suitable and mild scent compared to other jasmine plants.
The flowers on this plant will bloom during the summer months and black, glossy berries are left behind. These berries are inedible.
This plant prefers full sunlight, with any type of well drained soil. Although it can handle poorly drained soil if it is planted in it. Italian jasmine plants are heat and drought tolerant, which are usually grown in zones 7 to 9 in America.
Night Blooming Jasmine (Cestrum Nocturnum)
Known as night blooming jasmine, this plant isn’t a true jasmine plant at all. It is a member of the jessamine plant family instead.
However, jessamine’s are often referred to as jasmine plants because of their very fragrant flowers and their names are very similar.
Night blooming jasmine is a tropical evergreen shrub.
This plant can grow up to 8 to 10 feet tall and around 3 feet wide. This type of jasmine plants are ideal for use as screens and privacy hedges.
During the spring and through to the late summer, clusters of small white-green flowers are produced.
The flowers will begin to fade and white berries appear that attract a range of birds to your garden. When the sun sets, this is when the flowers will open up and release their scent.
Night-blooming jasmine enjoys sunlight. The more sunlight it receives the more blooms you will have on your plant. This is a very easy plant to care for, all it requires is frequent watering.
It is ideal for warmer climates, but can be grown indoors in potted plants if you live in cooler conditions.
Pink Jasmine (Jasminum Polyanthum)
The pink jasmine plant is a fast growing vine plant that can grow up to 25 feet in height. This plant produces clusters of small flowers. These flowers are white with a slight pink tint to them.
The buds are a strong rose color. The flowers are known to bloom in the late winter and early spring. Therefore, giving your garden a pop of color while everything else is only just beginning to start to grow.
Pink jasmine plants are perfect for groundcover in your garden. However, as they are fast growers they are perfect to be grown as vines on walls or fences.
Pink jasmine wants full sun and well drained soil to help it thrive. You don’t need to prune this jasmine too much, only to thin out any areas that have become overcrowded.
Showy Jasmine (Jasminum Floridum)
Showy jasmine plants can grow up to 4 feet in height. It is a type of fast growing shrub that produces yellow blooms. The blooms that this plant produces are quite small, with being only around 1 inch big.
These flowers will bloom in the spring and summer. Yet really, this type of jasmine plant is grown for the foliage and not the small, dainty blooms.
Showy jasmine is a very adaptable plant, but for the best outcome it is more suited for full sunlight. This plant also requires acidic and well drained soil.
Once the plant has established itself, it doesn’t require much care apart from water during hot and dry weather. Alongside pruning to keep the plant controls and not taking over where it has been planted.
Spanish Jasmine (Jasminum Grandiflorum)
Spanish jasmine is also known as royal jasmine or catalonian jasmine. This type of jasmine plant resembles common jasmine. It can reach heights of 15 feet and produces very fragrant white flowers.
The flowers can be seen blooming from the middle of summer until the middle of fall. The jasmine flowers have five petals and it is mainly grown for the fragrance that it produces.
This type of jasmine plant requires full or partial sunlight. As stated it can grow up to 15 feet, but you can keep it smaller with regular pruning. This plant can be seen in America in zones 7 to 10.
Star Jasmine (Jasminum Multiflorum)
The star jasmine plant gets its name from the 7 petaled flowers that it produces. Other species of jasmine typically produce 5 petaled flowers.
Alongside this, these 7 petaled flowers are fragrant-less as well. Yet the white star flowers, alongside the glossy green foliage makes this plant very attractive to look at. The flowers will bloom from fall to spring every year.
Star jasmine plants require full sunlight and are most suited for patios or containers. However, you can train this plant to be a vine, by leaving the plant to its own devices and it should begin spreading.
Winter Jasmine (Jasminum Nudiflorum)
Winter jasmine is also referred to as hardy jasmine. It was first introduced in 1844 in China. This is because this type of plant can be grown in colder climates and regions.
When mature, this plant can be up to 15 feet tall. This plant produces yellow flowers that bloom in the winter, therefore giving your garden a hint of color as everything else is dying down.
However, these flowers don’t have any fragrance that is commonly seen with jasmine plants.
This isn’t the most sturdy plant, but with the help of other plants, winter jasmine can be seen climbing up structures.
Although, it is perfect for containers. Winter jasmine plants prefer full sunlight, but it is adaptable to the soil it is placed into.
In this article we have gone through 10 types of jasmine plants that you can grow in your garden. Jasmine plants are known for their strong scents and attractive looking blooms.
However, there are jasmine plants that produce flowers, with no to a mild scent. Therefore, there is a jasmine plant to suit any gardener and their needs.
Now you know 10 types of jasmine plants, you’ll know which one will suit your home and garden the best.